Octoverse 2019: Python slithers past Java to become GitHub’s second most popular language


GitHub has revealed its newest State of the Octoverse report which offers fascinating insights into the event trade.

Because the world’s largest repository host, GitHub is in a reasonably distinctive place to watch developments among the many developer group. The corporate’s new report has as soon as once more highlighted some essential adjustments.

Prime languages

Maybe unsurprisingly, JavaScript retains the crown because the most-used programming language on GitHub over the previous 12 months.

Essentially the most fascinating change is with the second and third spot. For the primary time, Python has overtaken Java to take second place.

Simply 5 years in the past, Python was in fourth place. The spectacular bump up the rankings is probably going a results of more and more turning into the language of selection for instructing college students together with the recognition of Python frameworks like TensorFlow for machine studying.

Java, in fact, stays extremely in style. Development has been pushed predominantly in recent times due to its use for Android growth.  Nonetheless, Google’s resolution to undertake Kotlin as a first-class language for Android could also be resulting in diminished utilization.


Kotlin is among the many fastest-growing languages with a 182 p.c improve over the previous 12 months.

Regardless of the outstanding progress, Kotlin is definitely the fourth fastest-growing language. The primary three spots go to Dart (532%), Rust (235%), and HCL (213%). For comparability, Python’s progress charge was 151 p.c.


Open-source tasks

Microsoft’s code editor Visible Studio Code has essentially the most open-source contributors with 19,100 builders lending their talents.

Second place additionally belongs to Microsoft, this time for Azure Docs with 14,000 contributors.

Google’s growth equipment for UIs, Flutter, has 13,000 contributors, which rounds-out the highest three.


Extra individuals from around the globe are contributing to open-source tasks than ever earlier than.

This 12 months, GitHub has witnessed 10 million new customers and 44 million repositories have been created. 1.three million made their first-ever open-source contribution and 44 p.c extra customers created their first repository year-on-year.

Only one in 5 customers are primarily based within the US and the service even has builders contributing from Antarctica.

Listed below are the highest ten nations with essentially the most open-source contributors exterior the US:


On common, every open-source venture had contributors from 41 completely different nations and areas.

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